SpeechThe First Amendment says that people have the right to speak freely without government interference.
PressThe First Amendment gives the press the right to publish news, information and opinions without government interference. This also means people have the right to publish their own newspapers, newsletters, magazines, etc.
ReligionThe First Amendment prohibits government from establishing a religion and protects each person's right to practice (or not practice) any faith without government interference.
PetitionThe First Amendment says that people have the right to appeal to government in favor of or against policies that affect them or that they feel strongly about. This freedom includes the right to gather signatures in support of a cause and to lobby legislative bodies for or against legislation.
AssemblyThe First Amendment says that people have the right to gather in public to march, protest, demonstrate, carry signs and otherwise express their views in a nonviolent way. It also means people can join and associate with groups and organizations without interference.
This is an Extract From the IllinoisFirstAmendmentCenter.Com